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Demat Account Essentials: Everything You Need to Know
Finance Money

Demat Account Essentials: Everything You Need to Know

May 24, 2024

Investing in the stock market has become considerably simpler and safer, thanks to Demat accounts. Demat account is the short form for dematerialised accounts. They are required to trade in the Indian stock market. A Demat account stores your shares in electronic form, eliminating the need for paper certificates. This makes trading easy and convenient. In this blogpost, we will discuss what is a Demat account, why it is necessary, and how to open one. 

What is a Demat Account?

A demat account, also known as a dematerialised account, allows investors to safely store their shares electronically. It eliminates the need for physical documentation. Investors may simply purchase, sell, and transfer shares by linking a trading account with their demat account. This streamlines the trading procedure while also increasing security and convenience.

Uses of a Demat Account

A demat account serves several purposes, as mentioned below.

  • Safe Storage: Keeps your assets safe and secure in electronic format.
  • Easy Access: Allows you to easily and quickly access your investment portfolio.
  • Seamless Transactions: Allows for seamless and speedy purchasing and selling of securities.
  • Risk Elimination: Reduces the likelihood of theft, forgery, and loss of physical certificates.

Documents Required to Open Demat Account

Documents Required to Open Demat Account

To open demat account in India, you must provide identity and address proof, along with your PAN details. Here’s the list of documents you can submit. 

Identity Proof: You can submit a photocopy of one of the following government-issued ID cards: 

  • Driving License
  • Pan Card
  • Passport
  • Voter Card
  • Aadhar Card

Address Proof: To verify your address, you can provide a copy of one of the following.

  • Passport
  • Ration Card
  • Passbook
  • Voter ID Card
  • Electricity Bill
  • Driving License

How to Open a Demat Account

How to Open a Demat Account

The following are the steps to open a Demat account.

  1. Choose a stockbroker: Select an NSDL or CDSL-registered broker.
  2. Fill out the application form: Fill up the demat account opening form. The broker shall provide it to.
  3. Submit Documents: Provide the essential documents, such as a PAN card, aadhar card, bank account passbook, etc.
  4. Verification: The stockbroker will review your application form and document. Some brokers may ask for an in-person verification, too.
  5. Receive login credentials: Once accepted, you will get your demat account number and other login information.

With a trustworthy demat account app like IIFL Securities, you can easily open your Demat account online in minutes. The app also offers several features that are quite useful while investing.

Things to Consider While Opening a Demat Account

Now that you know the basics of a demat account, let’s understand the factors to consider while opening one. Here are the things you must keep in mind.

Strength of the Demat Platform

First, evaluate the platform to ensure that your demat account will work smoothly. Nowadays, your demat and trading accounts are integrated on the same platform. As a result, trading, depositing or debiting funds and trading securities take place electronically. Ensuring that your broker uses updated technology provides you with a smooth, as well as safe and secure trading experience.  

Demat Account Charges  

Brokers offer free Demat account openings. However, it is only one of the fees associated with Demat accounts. There are various other charges associated with it. They include the annual maintenance charge (AMC) and the transaction charges. The yearly maintenance charge is the cost imposed by your broker to maintain your account, and it is calculated based on the value of the securities in the Demat account. Transaction fees are levied anytime you purchase and sell stocks.


Your broker is not just responsible for facilitating your trades. When you open a Demat account, it should also provide all the services required for a seamless trading experience. This includes support services too. Check if your broker handles complaints effectively, how long it takes to get physical shares dematerialised, etc.

Choosing a Good Demat Account  

Choosing a Good Demat Account  

Choosing the right demat account depends on several factors. The key ones include the following. 

  • Low Brokerage Fees: Lower brokerage fees can reduce your overall trading costs.
  • User-Friendly Platform: Look for a stockbroker that offers a platform that is easy to use.
  • Customer Service: Ensure that the broker provides good customer service for any queries or assistance you may need while investing. 


Opening a demat account in India is mandatory to invest in the stock market. It allows you to hold assets in electronic form, eliminating the need for physical certificates. However, before opening a demat account, it is critical to understand the fees and the services provided by the broker. Investors should always open their Demat account with a reputed brokerage firm known for its trustworthiness. Hence, research properly and explore different options to make the right choice.  

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